How do I configure the ATOP Monitoring and SAR monitoring tools for my EC2 instance running Amazon Linux, RHEL, CentOS, or Ubuntu?

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I have an Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instance that is runs Amazon Linux, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), CentOS, or Ubuntu. I want to configure the ATOP and SAR monitoring tools to collect granular data about process utilization.

Short description

ATOP and SAR monitoring tools aren't configured on standard Amazon Machine Images (AMIs). You can install these monitoring tools on Amazon Linux, RHEL, CentOS, or Ubuntu Linux-based distributions. Turning on ATOP and SAR monitoring provides a more granular view into the instance's process utilization with a 30-day retention history.

By default, ATOP and SAR monitoring tools collect metrics in 10-minutes intervals. Reconfigure the interval from the default value to 1 minute intervals to collect more granular data.

Resolution

Amazon Linux 2

  1. To install the EPEL release package for RHEL 7, use the amazon-linux-extras command:

    sudo amazon-linux-extras install epel
  2. Install the monitoring tools:

    sudo yum -y install sysstat atop --enablerepo=epel
  3. Change the log collection interval:

    sudo sed -i 's/^LOGINTERVAL=600.*/LOGINTERVAL=60/' /etc/sysconfig/atopsudo sed -i -e 's|*/10|*/1|' -e 's|every 10 minutes|every 1 minute|' /etc/cron.d/sysstat
  4. Turn on and restart services:

    sudo systemctl enable atop.service crond.service sysstat.servicesudo systemctl restart atop.service crond.service sysstat.service

Amazon Linux AMI

  1. Install the monitoring tools.
    Note: Amazon Linux has the EPEL repository already installed.

    sudo yum -y install sysstat atop --enablerepo=epelsudo sed -i 's/^INTERVAL=600.*/INTERVAL=60/' /etc/sysconfig/atop
    sudo sed -i -e 's|*/10|*/1|' -e 's|every 10 minutes|every 1 minute|' /etc/cron.d/sysstat
  2. Turn on and restart services:

    for _service in atop crond sysstat; do sudo chkconfig ${_service} on; sudo service ${_service} start; done

RHEL and CentOS

The following configuration steps are the same for each major release of RHEL and CentOS.

RHEL 8 and CentOS 8

  1. Install the EPEL release package for RHEL 8:

    sudo dnf -y install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm -y
  2. Install the monitoring tools:

    sudo dnf -y install sysstat atop --enablerepo=epel
  3. Change the log collection interval:

    sudo sed -i 's/^LOGINTERVAL=600.*/LOGINTERVAL=60/' /etc/sysconfig/atopsudo mkdir -v /etc/systemd/system/sysstat-collect.timer.d/sudo bash -c "sed -e 's|every 10 minutes|every 1 minute|g' -e '/^OnCalendar=/ s|/10$|/1|' /usr/lib/systemd/system/sysstat-collect.timer > /etc/systemd/system/sysstat-collect.timer.d/override.conf"sudo sed -i 's|^SADC_OPTIONS=.*|SADC_OPTIONS=" -S XALL"|' /etc/sysconfig/sysstat
  4. Turn on and restart services:

    sudo systemctl enable atop.service crond.service sysstat.servicesudo systemctl restart atop.service crond.service sysstat.service

RHEL 7 and CentOS 7

  1. Install the EPEL release package for RHEL 7:

    sudo yum -y install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
  2. Install the monitoring tools:

    sudo yum -y install sysstat atop --enablerepo=epel
  3. Change the log collection interval:

    sudo sed -i 's/^LOGINTERVAL=600.*/LOGINTERVAL=60/' /etc/sysconfig/atopsudo sed -i -e 's|*/10|*/1|' -e 's|every 10 minutes|every 1 minute|' /etc/cron.d/sysstat
  4. Turn on and restart services:

    sudo systemctl enable atop.service crond.service sysstat.servicesudo systemctl restart atop.service crond.service sysstat.service

RHEL 6 and CentOS 6

  1. Install the EPEL release package for RHEL 6:

    sudo yum -y install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-6.noarch.rpm
  2. Install the monitoring tools:

    sudo yum -y install sysstat atop --enablerepo=epel
  3. Change the log collection interval:

    sudo sed -i 's/^INTERVAL=600.*/INTERVAL=60/' /etc/sysconfig/atopsudo sed -i -e 's|*/10|*/1|' -e 's|every 10 minutes|every 1 minute|' /etc/cron.d/sysstat
  4. Turn on and restart services:

    for _service in atop crond sysstat; do sudo chkconfig ${_service} on; sudo service ${_service} start; done

Ubuntu

Ubuntu 20.04

  1. Install the monitoring tools:

    sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get -y install atop sysstat
  2. To change the log collection interval and configure sysstat to report disk and inodes usage, add -S XALL in the configuration file:

    sudo sed -i 's/^LOGINTERVAL=600.*/LOGINTERVAL=60/' /usr/share/atop/atop.daily
    sudo sed -i -e 's|5-55/10|*/1|' -e 's|every 10 minutes|every 1 minute|' -e 's|debian-sa1|debian-sa1 -S XALL|g' /etc/cron.d/sysstatsudo bash -c "echo 'SA1_OPTIONS=\"-S XALL\"' >> /etc/default/sysstat"
  3. Turn on and restart services:

    sudo sed -i 's|ENABLED="false"|ENABLED="true"|' /etc/default/sysstatsudo systemctl enable atop.service cron.service sysstat.service
    sudo systemctl restart atop.service cron.service sysstat.service

Ubuntu 18.04:

  1. Install the monitoring tools:

    sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get -y install atop sysstat
  2. To change the log collection interval and configure sysstat to report disk and inodes usage, add -S XALL in the configuration file:

    sudo sed -i 's/^INTERVAL=600.*/INTERVAL=60/' /usr/share/atop/atop.daily
    sudo sed -i -e 's|5-55/10|*/1|' -e 's|every 10 minutes|every 1 minute|' -e 's|debian-sa1|debian-sa1 -S XALL|g' /etc/cron.d/sysstatsudo bash -c "echo 'SA1_OPTIONS=\"-S XALL\"' >> /etc/default/sysstat"
  3. Turn on and restart services:

    sudo sed -i 's|ENABLED="false"|ENABLED="true"|' /etc/default/sysstatsudo systemctl enable atop.service cron.service sysstat.servicesudo systemctl restart atop.service cron.service sysstat.service

Ubuntu 16.04

  1. Install the monitoring tools:

    sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get -y install atop sysstat
  2. To change the log collection interval and configure sysstat to report disk and inodes usage, add -S XALL in the configuration file:

    sudo sed -i 's/^INTERVAL=600.*/INTERVAL=60/' /etc/default/atopsudo sed -i -e 's|5-55/10|*/1|' -e 's|every 10 minutes|every 1 minute|' -e 's|debian-sa1|debian-sa1 -S XALL|g' /etc/cron.d/sysstatsudo bash -c "echo 'SA1_OPTIONS=\"-S XALL\"' >> /etc/default/sysstat"
  3. Turn on and restart services:

    sudo sed -i 's|ENABLED="false"|ENABLED="true"|' /etc/default/sysstatsudo systemctl enable atop.service cron.service sysstat.service
    sudo systemctl restart atop.service cron.service sysstat.service

SLES and SLES for SAP

SLES12

  1. Turn on PackageHub:

    (source /etc/os-release; sudo SUSEConnect -p PackageHub/$VERSION_ID/x86_64)
  2. Install SAR and ATOP:

    zypper in sysstatzypper addrepo https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/server:monitoring/SLE_12_SP5/server:monitoring.repozypper ref -szypper in atop atop-daemon
  3. Turn on the services:

    systemctl enable sysstatsystemctl enable --now atop

SLES15

  1. Turn on PackageHub:

    (source /etc/os-release; sudo SUSEConnect -p PackageHub/$VERSION_ID/x86_64)
  2. Install SAR and ATOP:

    zypper in sysstat(source /etc/os-release; 
    sudo SUSEConnect -p PackageHub/$VERSION_ID/x86_64)
    sudo zypper ref -ssudo zypper in atop atop-daemon
  3. Turn on the services:

    systemctl enable sysstatsystemctl enable --now atop

Related information

Add repositories on an AL2 instance

What is Amazon Linux 2?

Amazon Linux 2 FAQs

EPEL website

AWS OFFICIAL
AWS OFFICIALUpdated 18 days ago
2 Comments

$ sudo systemctl restart atop.service crond.service sysstat.service Failed to get D-Bus connection: Operation not permitted Can't restart Amazon Linux 2 Any ideas?

replied 8 months ago

Thank you for your comment. We'll review and update the Knowledge Center article as needed.

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MODERATOR
replied 8 months ago