How to route HTTP traffic from external internet to an AppMesh ECS Fargate service
Our traffic is coming from the public internet to WAF then to external ALB then to ECS service in Fargate via a Target Group. This TG IP address target is updated by ECS every time a service is redeployed.
But the new microservice is in AppMesh, and microservice traffic routing is done by Service Discovery rather than ALB. We tried to route traffic from external ALB to ECS Fargate AppMesh service but found literally zero examples of how to do it properly with no downtimes during redeployments.
When AppMesh microservice is deployed it does not update IP address in the above mentioned TG, but only in the Service Discovery.
We can't point our Target Group to an AppMesh service! If we point to an IP address it will change with next deployment.
How to route HTTP traffic from external internet to an AppMesh ECS Fargate service in a maintainable way, so that we can reconfigure or redeploy or reroute our services at will with zero downtime?
Hello, I had done just that in the past, haven't used much of AppMesh for a little while, and really wish I had documented it !
But in a nutshell, you can do it in at least 2 ways:
the service(s) that is behind the ALB, have the Listener Rules send the traffic to the containers, regardless of whether they use AppMesh or not. Then for the rest of the traffic between the services, it will work of its own accord, following the Mesh rules (services, routers etc.) that are defined.
Second option could be to use an AppMesh gateway, have the LB send all the traffic to that service, and then again, AppMesh will take over for the rest of the traffic to follow.
I will try to dig out the examples I had. I did all that using
x-appmesh in ECS Compose-X but due to very little use-cases / need coming the AppMesh way, I haven't given it much love for a little while.
Just get the traffic from your ALB to your containers, it will work just fine (says he not touching it in a year).
Hello John. Thanks for the answer!
way 1) You say "have the Listener Rules send the traffic to the containers". That is easy via TG as IP address. But after service redeploys in AppMesh the IP will change, the TG won't be updated with the new IP, so the traffic won't go any more. Or I didn't understand what you mean.
way 2) I looked up "AppMesh gateway" and found nothing in the internet. What do you mean exactly? NGINX or something?
Hey @Vasyl So, here is what I meant by gateways: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/app-mesh/latest/userguide/virtual_gateways.html And for your first comment, I am not too sure to follow. Sure your TG will update the target to send traffic to the container, if you configured your ECS service to automatically use a target group, ECS will take care of updating the TG Targets IP as they go.
Thank you John! We're digging further both your recommendations.
Hello again @Vasyl,
I just reworked/re-enabled x-appmesh this weekend and updated my demo apps to test/showcase.
python3 -m venv venv source venv/bin/activate pip install pip -U; pip install "ecs-composex>=0.22.0" git clone https://github.com/compose-x/composex-testing-apps cd composex-testing-apps # Optionally use image specific tag #export IMAGE_TAG=2022-06-13 # Render the templates ecs-compose-x render -d templates --format yaml -f docker-compose.yaml -f x-appmesh.yaml -n demo-appmesh # Deploy to AWS # will create VPC/DNS/CloudMap/IAM/Services - basically everything it needs ecs-compose-x up -d templates --format yaml -f docker-compose.yaml -f x-appmesh.yaml -n demo-appmesh
The ingress from the "internet" is done via the ALB that will send the traffic to
app01 which is our ingress service.
Hope this helps in your ECS + AppMesh journey.
Moving to ECS-Fargate from EC2asked 5 months ago
NLB doesn't send traffic to new healthy Fargate tasksasked 7 months ago
How to establish connection between AWS Fargate task to an external SFTP server?asked a month ago
How to set the Load balancer service to route a certain host to a fargate task?Accepted Answerasked 9 days ago
Failed to expose AWS ECS Fargate Service via ALBasked 2 months ago
ECS Fargate + Service Discovery + ALBAccepted Answerasked 4 years ago
How to route HTTP traffic from external internet to an AppMesh ECS Fargate serviceasked 24 days ago
How to configure subnets for an ECS cluster so it can access a database in the same VPC?asked 3 months ago
ECS: Unable to start task from within a private subnet without enabling public IPasked 21 days ago
ECS fargate service with ALB deployed using CDKasked 20 days ago